Wind velocity here is between 28 km and 30 km per hour. India has vast wind potential and wind-farms have emerged as a viable option with the advancement of wind technology in the country. Under Solar Thermal Programme, solar energy is directly obtained.
Except hydel power, the other conventional energy is costly. This hot water can be used for various applications in homes, hotels, hostels, restaurants and hospitals. With the augmentation of grid capacity, this estimate will increase. Includes those processes where biological forms of matter such as plants, vegetables, bacteria, enzymes etc.
As a result, several products have been developed indigenously. It has been a major source of electric power. With only about 0. At Lamba in Gujarat a wind farm of 10 mw capacity, the largest in Asia has been commissioned.
Different types of solar cookers have been developed in the past, which include box solar cooker, steam cooker, solar meal maker with heat storage and concentrating type community cooker. Photovoltaic systems and power plants have emerged as viable power sources for applications such as lighting, water pumping and telecommunication and are being increasingly used for meeting the electrical energy needs in remote villages, hamlets and hospitals, besides households in the hilly, forest, desert and island.
Scientists are of the opinion that the vast expanse of the Thar Desert could well earn the distinction of being the biggest solar power house of the world by the year producing 10, MW of electricity. It saves upto 10 LPG cylinders per year on full use in small establishments.
It is used for lighting, cooking, air conditioning and working of electrical appliances like T. The conventional sources of Energy includes: Geothermal Energy occurs in the form of hot springs. Besides producing gas this plant converts gobar into manure.
Geothermal power heat from deep under the ground. Parbati valley in Himachal Pradesh and Puga valley in Jammu and Kashmir are the two prospective geothermal energies potential.
As on 31st March,as many as 5, 55, box type solar cookers, 10 concentrating type community cookers and 2, Schefler dish type solar cookers were in use in India.
The sun provides us enormous amounts of energy in the form of solar radiation — energy that travels in small wave packets called photons, reaching the surface of the Earth from a distance of million kms 93 million miles in only 8 minutes.
State-wise gross and technical potential are given in Table And we similarly hope that all the non-conventional sources will become conventional, common, and everyday, as they are all free, green and emit no carbon dioxide well, biomass does, but it prevents the production of methane which is a greenhouse gas 21 times more dangerous that CO 2.
Solar radiant energy can be used through thermal as well as photovoltaic routes.
Solar steam cooking system can cook food for thousands of people using steam inside the kitchen in very short time It is useful for installation at ashrams, temples, churches, gurudwaras, etc.
2. Non-Conventional Sources of Energy: Besides conventional sources of energy there are non-conventional sources of energy. These are also called renewable sources of energy.
Examples are Bio energy, solar energy, wind energy and tidal energy. Non-Conventional Sources of Energy in India. The importance of increasing the use of non-conventional or renewable power was recognized in India in the early ’s. There are four major areas of renewable energy being tapped for power generation.
These are solar energy, wind energy, Biomass and small hydro. 1. With increasing demand for energy and with fast depleting conventional sources of energy such as coal, petroleum, natural gas, etc. the non-conventional sources of energy such as energy from sun, wind, biomass, tidal energy, geo-thermal energy and even energy from waste material are gaining importance.
Non-Conventional energy sources can be defined in following types * Water Energy – Hydro-electric power plants are effective in utilizing potential energy stored in water. Ocean contains energy in form of temperature gradients, waves and tides and can be harnessed.
Importance of non-conventional sources of energy: 1. The non-conventional sources of energy are abundant in nature. According to energy experts the non-conventional energy potential of India is estimated at about 95, MW.
2. These are renewable resources. The non-conventional sources of energy can be renewed with minimum effort and money. 3. But, in contrast to conventional sources of energy, non-conventional sources of energy (solar energy, tidal energy, geo-thermal energy, wind energy, etc.) are not used frequently and in large scale (commercially).
Their uses are comparatively more recent.Importance of non conventional energy by